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Seleukid Empire, Antiochos I, Elephant

Seleukid Empire, Antiochos I, Elephant

“In the summer of 302 Seleucus was making his way from the Punjab, marching ever westward over the immense distances which separate India from the Mediterranean lands. When the winter 302-301 closed in he had reached Cappadocia, and there turned his troops into winter-quarters. His force amounted to 20,000 foot, 12,000 cavalry and mounted archers, the latter no doubt from Central Asia, 480 elephants, brought straight from the Punjab, and over 100 scythed chariots. He had with him his son Antiochus, then twenty-two or twenty-three years old.” 
~ Edwin Robert Bevan. The House of Seleucus: All Volumes (Kindle Locations 1105-1108). Heraklion Press.

What a sight those elephants must have been as they measured those immense distances in their elephant treads.  The young man Antiochus I eventually came to reign and proudly deployed his father’s elephants and they dismayed fierce Galatians.  This bronze marks the  stability and ground of the Seleukid empire with an anchor – their mark. And on the reverse an Elephant treading right.  It was minted in Antioch.  In the exergue there is a jawbone – why?

Antiochos_I_elephant

SELEUKID KINGS of SYRIA. Antiochos I Soter. 281-261 BC. Æ (21mm, 5.90 g, 3h). Antioch mint. Macedonian shield with Seleukid anchor in central boss / Elephant walking right; monogram and club above, jawbone in exergue.

Thank you wiki and CNG for attribution text and image